Kitchen Table STEAM

Lesson 296 – Parts of the Sentence – Compound/Complex Sentences

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Instructions: Using all the knowledge learned in the previous lessons, find the verbs (v), subjects (subj), predicate nominatives (pn), direct objects (do), appositives (app), nouns of address (na), adjectives (adj), predicate
adjectives (pa), adverbs (adv), prepositions (prep), objects of the
preposition (op), prepositional phrases (p ph), indirect objects (io), objective
complements (oc), conjunctions (c), relative pronouns (p), and verbals in the following sentences.
If the word is a verbal, tell whether it is a gerund, participle,
noun infinitive, adjective infinitive, or adverb infinitive. If there are any adjectives, adverbs, prepositional phrases, verbals, or verbal phrases then tell what word they modify.
If the sentence has a dependent clause, tell whether it is a noun clause, adverb clause, or adjective clause. If it is an adjective or adverb clause, tell which word it modifies, and if it is a noun clause tell how they are used.
1. John went to school, but James remained at home because he had a sore
throat.
2. If he changes his mind, we shall know for sure that Joe has learned his
lesson, but only time will tell.
3. Those clouds promise rain; we should hurry before we get caught in a flash
flood.
4. Here is the money that I owed you, and I am happy to be free of debt.
5. Were you ever in a storm that was full of lightning, or don’t you recall?
–For answers scroll
down.
Answers:
1. went – v; John – subj; to school – adv p ph modifying went; to – prep; school – op; but – c; remained – v; James – subj; at home – adv p ph modifying remained; at – prep; home – op; because he had a sore throat – adverb clause modifying remained; had – v; he – subj; throat – do; a/sore – adj modifying throat; because – c (introductory word)
2. If he changes his mind – adverb clause modifying shall know; changes – v; he – subj; mind – do; his – adj modifying mind; if – c (introductory word); shall know – v; we – subj; for sure – adv p ph modifying shall know; for – prep; sure – op; that Joe has learned his lesson – noun clause used as the direct object; has learned – v; Joe – subj; lesson – do; his – adj modifying lesson; that – p (introductory word, does not fit grammatically); will tell – v; time – subj; only – adj modifying time; but – c
3. promise – v; clouds – subj; rain – do; those – adj modifying clouds; should hurry – v; we – subj; before we get caught in a flash flood – adverb clause modifying should hurry; get – v; we – subj; caught in a flash flood – participial phrase used as a predicate adjective; caught – vbl (participle); in a flash flood – adv p ph modifying caught; in – prep; flood – op; a/flash – adj modifying flood; before – c (introductory word)
4. is – v; money – subj; the – adj modifying money; here – adv modifying is; that I owed you – adjective clause modifying money; owed – v; I – subj; that – do; you – io; am – v; I – subj; happy – pa modifying I; to be free of debt – adverb infinite phrase modifying happy; to be – vbl (infinitive); free – pa modifying to be; of debt – adv p ph modifying free; of – prep; debt – op; and – c
5. were – v; you – subj; ever – adv modifying were; in a storm – adv p ph modifying were; in – prep; storm – op; a – adj modifying storm; that was full of lightning – adjective clause modifying storm; was – v; that – subj; full – pa modifying that; of lightning – adv p ph modifying full; of – prep; lightning – op; do recall – v; you – subj; n’t – adv modifying do recall; or – c

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